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105+ Bài tập câu bị động thì Hiện tại đơn (kèm đáp án)

Câu bị động thì hiện tại đơn là cấu trúc câu khá phổ biến trong tiếng Anh. Tuy nhiên không phải ai cũng biết cách sử dụng cấu trúc câu này một cách chính xác. Do đó bài viết dưới đây sẽ cung cấp đầy đủ định nghĩa, công thức và bài tập câu bị động thì hiện tại đơn để bạn có cái nhìn chi tiết nhất về cấu trúc câu này nhé!

Một số bài tập câu bị động thì Hiện tại đơn kèm đáp án chi tiết
Một số bài tập câu bị động thì Hiện tại đơn kèm đáp án chi tiết

1. Tổng quan về Câu bị động thì hiện tại đơn

Định nghĩa: Câu bị động của thì hiện tại đơn là cách nói mà chúng ta muốn nhấn mạnh vào việc gì đó được làm, thay vì ai là người làm việc đó.

Công thức bị động:

Công thứcVí dụ
Câu khẳng địnhS + am/ is/ are + V3/ed + (by O)The letter is written by Tom.
(Bức thư được viết bởi Tom.)
Câu phủ địnhS + am/ is/ are + not + V3/ed + (by O)The letter is not written by Tom.
(Bức thư không được viết bởi Tom.)
Câu hỏiAm/Is/Are + S + V3/ed + (by O)?Is the letter written by Tom?
(Bức thư có được viết bởi Tom không?)

Cách dùng bị động thì hiện tại đơn:

  • Khi ta muốn tập trung vào hành động hơn là ai làm.
  • Khi ta không biết hoặc không quan trọng ai làm.
  • Được dùng trong hướng dẫn hoặc văn viết chính thức.
  • Khi người thực hiện hành động là điều hiển nhiên.

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2. Bài tập Câu bị động thì Hiện tại đơn

Bài tập 1: Chuyển câu chủ động thành câu bị động thì Hiện tại đơn

  1. Restaurants serve this dish with spicy sauce.
  2. The teacher corrects the tests at the end of the day.
  3. The gardener waters the garden every morning.
  4. Engineers design new models of electric cars.
  5. The company ships orders within 24 hours.
  6. Farmers harvest wheat in the autumn.
  7. The guide leads tourists through the ancient ruins.
  8. The chef adds fresh herbs to the salad.
  9. The school offers various extracurricular activities.
  10. Artists exhibit their work at the gallery.
  11. The manufacturer recalls defective products.
  12. Parents teach their children good manners.
  13. The baker prepares fresh bread early in the morning.
  14. The government increases taxes on luxury goods.
  15. The airline cancels flights due to bad weather.
  16. Shopkeepers decorate their windows for the holiday season.
  17. The council renovates old buildings to preserve history.
  18. Students submit their essays by the end of the week.
  19. The zoo introduces new animals to the public.
  20. The orchestra performs a new piece every month.
Đáp án:
  1. This dish is served with spicy sauce by restaurants.
  2. The tests are corrected by the teacher at the end of the day.
  3. The garden is watered by the gardener every morning.
  4. New models of electric cars are designed by engineers.
  5. Orders are shipped within 24 hours by the company.
  6. Wheat is harvested by farmers in the autumn.
  7. Tourists are led through the ancient ruins by the guide.
  8. Fresh herbs are added to the salad by the chef.
  9. Various extracurricular activities are offered by the school.
  10. Their work is exhibited at the gallery by artists.
  11. Defective products are recalled by the manufacturer.
  12. Good manners are taught to their children by parents.
  13. Fresh bread is prepared early in the morning by the baker.
  14. Taxes on luxury goods are increased by the government.
  15. Flights are canceled by the airline due to bad weather.
  16. Windows are decorated for the holiday season by shopkeepers.
  17. Old buildings are renovated by the council to preserve history.
  18. Essays are submitted by the students by the end of the week.
  19. New animals are introduced to the public by the zoo.
  20. A new piece is performed every month by the orchestra.

Bài tập 2: Lựa chọn đáp án đúng

  1. The book _____ by millions of readers.

A) are enjoyed

B) is enjoyed

C) enjoy

D) enjoys

  1. The office _____ at 5 PM sharp every day.

A) are closed

B) is closed

C) close

D) closes

  1. Emails _____ not _____ without prior approval.

A) are, sent

B) is, send

C) are, send

D) is, sent

  1. How _____ organic vegetables _____ in this store?

A) are, sold

B) is, sold

C) are, sell

D) is, sell

  1. The data _____ carefully _____ by the research team.

A) is, analyze

B) are, analyzed

C) is, analyzed

D) are, analyze

  1. Water _____ not _____ in plastic bottles here.

A) are, bottled

B) is, bottle

C) is, bottled

D) are, bottle

  1. The project _____ by a group of experts.

A) is reviewed

B) reviews

C) review

D) is review

  1. The paintings _____ in a secure location.

A) are stored

B) is stored

C) store

D) stores

  1. The rules _____ clearly _____ to all new employees.

A) are, explain

B) is, explained

C) are, explained

D) is, explain

  1. The flowers _____ watered every morning.

A) are

B) is

C) was

D) were

  1. The president _____ elected every four years.

A) is

B) are

C) be

D) being

  1. New models of cars _____ every year.

A) are introduced

B) is introduced

C) introduces

D) introducing

  1. The door _____ locked at night.

A) is

B) are

C) be

D) being

  1. The class _____ canceled today.

A) is

B) are

C) be

D) being

  1. The lost items _____ kept at the front desk.

A) are

B) is

C) was

D) were

  1. All international orders _____ shipped within two weeks.

A) are

B) is

C) be

D) being

  1. The budget _____ reviewed monthly.

A) is

B) are

C) be

D) being

  1. The competition _____ held in a different city each year.

A) is

B) are

C) be

D) being

  1. The streets _____ cleaned after the festival.

A) are

B) is

C) be

D) being

  1. The documents _____ signed by the manager.

A) are

B) is

C) be

D) being

  1. The meeting _____ scheduled for 10 AM.

A) is

B) are

C) be

D) being

  1. The news _____ broadcast live.

A) is

B) are

C) be

D) being

  1. The windows _____ opened to let fresh air in.

A) are

B) is

C) be

D) being

  1. The message _____ delivered by email.

A) is

B) are

C) be

D) being

  1. The answers _____ not _____ in the textbook.

A) are, found

B) is, found

C) are, find

D) is, find

Đáp án:
  1. B) is enjoyed
  2. B) is closed
  3. A) are, sent
  4. A) are, sold
  5. C) is, analyzed
  6. C) is, bottled
  7. A) is reviewed
  8. A) are stored
  9. C) are, explained
  10. A) are
  11. A) is
  12. A) are introduced
  13. A) is
  14. A) is
  15. A) are
  16. A) are
  17. A) is
  18. A) is
  19. A) are
  20. A) are
  21. A) is
  22. A) is
  23. A) are
  24. A) is
  25. A) are, found

Bài tập 3: Chia động từ cho các câu sau

  1. The letters _____ (deliver) by the postal service.
  2. The news _____ (broadcast) on TV every evening.
  3. The room _____ (clean) every day.
  4. The flowers _____ (water) by the gardener.
  5. The report _____ (write) by the end of the week.
  6. The park _____ (close) at dusk.
  7. The groceries _____ (buy) every Saturday.
  8. The trash _____ (not/collect) on Sundays.
  9. How _____ (make) traditional Italian pizza?
  10. The rules _____ (follow) by all members of the team.
  11. The paintings _____ (display) in the art gallery.
  12. The tickets _____ (sell) online and at the box office.
  13. The answers _____ (not/find) in the back of the book.
  14. The gifts _____ (open) after dinner.
  15. The exams _____ (not/grade) by the teacher yet.
  16. How _____ (say) “thank you” in Japanese?
  17. The conference _____ (attend) by experts from around the world.
  18. The instructions _____ (not/understand) by some students.
  19. The door _____ (lock) at 10 PM every night.
  20. The problem _____ (solve) by the team in an hour.
  21. The appointment _____ (cancel) due to unforeseen circumstances.
  22. The products _____ (manufacture) in Germany.
  23. The movie _____ (not/show) in this theater.
  24. How _____ (treat) patients in this hospital?
  25. The prize _____ (award) to the winner at the end of the competition.
Đáp án:
  1. The letters are delivered by the postal service.
  2. The news is broadcast on TV every evening.
  3. The room is cleaned every day.
  4. The flowers are watered by the gardener.
  5. The report is written by the end of the week.
  6. The park is closed at dusk.
  7. The groceries are bought every Saturday.
  8. The trash is not collected on Sundays.
  9. How is traditional Italian pizza made?
  10. The rules are followed by all members of the team.
  11. The paintings are displayed in the art gallery.
  12. The tickets are sold online and at the box office.
  13. The answers are not found in the back of the book.
  14. The gifts are opened after dinner.
  15. The exams are not graded by the teacher yet.
  16. How is “thank you” said in Japanese?
  17. The conference is attended by experts from around the world.
  18. The instructions are not understood by some students.
  19. The door is locked at 10 PM every night.
  20. The problem is solved by the team in an hour.
  21. The appointment is canceled due to unforeseen circumstances.
  22. The products are manufactured in Germany.
  23. The movie is not shown in this theater.
  24. How are patients treated in this hospital?
  25. The prize is awarded to the winner at the end of the competition.

Bài tập 4: Viết lại câu hoàn chỉnh ở dạng bị động thì Hiện tại đơn

  1. Every year / a festival / hold / in the town.
  2. The new policy / not / explain / clearly to all employees.
  3. How / the products / test / before they are launched?
  4. The office / clean / every evening by the cleaning crew.
  5. The doors / not / lock / at night.
  6. Why / the documents / not / sign / by the manager yet?
  7. The homework / give / to the students / every day.
  8. The trees / not / plant / in the autumn.
  9. Who / the team / supervise / by?
  10. The report / not / submit / on time.
  11. How often / the equipment / check / by the technician?
  12. The meeting / schedule / at 9 AM every Monday.
  13. The email / not / send / due to a technical issue.
  14. Where / the annual conference / hold / this year?
  15. The project proposal / not / approve / yet.
  16. The lecture / record / and / upload / to the online platform?
  17. The street lights / not / turn off / during the day.
  18. Who / the prizes / award / by?
  19. The windows / not / open / to ventilate the room properly.
  20. How / the customers / notify / of the sale?
Đáp án:
  1. A festival is held in the town every year.
  2. The new policy is not explained clearly to all employees.
  3. How are the products tested before they are launched?
  4. The office is cleaned every evening by the cleaning crew.
  5. The doors are not locked at night.
  6. Why have the documents not been signed by the manager yet?
  7. Homework is given to the students every day.
  8. The trees are not planted in the autumn.
  9. By whom is the team supervised?
  10. The report is not submitted on time.
  11. How often is the equipment checked by the technician?
  12. The meeting is scheduled at 9 AM every Monday.
  13. The email was not sent due to a technical issue.
  14. Where is the annual conference held this year?
  15. The project proposal has not been approved yet.
  16. Is the lecture recorded and uploaded to the online platform?
  17. The street lights are not turned off during the day.
  18. By whom are the prizes awarded?
  19. The windows are not opened to ventilate the room properly.
  20. How are the customers notified of the sale?

Bài tập 5: Chuyển các câu sau sang dạng bị động thì hiện tại đơn (với động từ chỉ giác quan)

  1. People believe the painting to be priceless.
  2. Everyone knows him to be an honest man.
  3. The critics consider the play to be a masterpiece.
  4. They see her as a leader.
  5. Some people think this rule is unnecessary.
  6. You hear the song played on the radio frequently.
  7. The teacher finds the homework to be too easy.
  8. The audience feels the movie to be too long.
  9. Witnesses saw the thief leaving the building.
  10. People expect the project to be completed by next month.
  11. She finds the artwork to be quite fascinating.
  12. Do you consider the solution to be effective?
  13. People often describe the experience as unforgettable.
  14. The chef tastes the dish before serving it.
  15. People often describe him as generous. 
Đáp án:
  1. The painting is believed to be priceless.
  2. He is known to be an honest man by everyone.
  3. The play is considered to be a masterpiece by the critics.
  4. She is seen as a leader by them.
  5. This rule is thought to be unnecessary by some people.
  6. The song is heard played on the radio frequently.
  7. The homework is found to be too easy by the teacher.
  8. The movie is felt to be too long by the audience.
  9. The thief was seen leaving the building by witnesses.
  10. The project is expected to be completed by next month by people.
  11. The artwork is found to be quite fascinating by her.
  12. Is the solution considered to be effective by you?
  13. The experience is often described as unforgettable by people.
  14. The dish is tasted by the chef before it is served.
  15. He is often described as generous by people.

Trên đây là tổng hợp bài tập câu bị động thì hiện tại đơn. Chúc bạn nắm thật vững kiến thức này và áp dụng ngay trong công việc, cuộc sống của mình nhé!

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