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Tổng hợp bài tập ngữ pháp tiếng Anh cơ bản

Trong bài viết này, TalkFirst sẽ giới thiệu các bài tập ngữ pháp tiếng Anh hữu ích bao gồm thì động từ, câu điều kiện, câu bị động, tính từ và trạng từ, mệnh đề quan hệ, liên từ, giới từ, và đại từ. Mỗi phần TalkFirst đều có đáp án chi tiết, giúp bạn nắm vững kiến thức và nâng cao kỹ năng sử dụng tiếng Anh một cách chính xác. Hãy cùng bắt đầu và khám phá những bài tập thú vị này nhé!

Bài tập ngữ pháp tiếng Anh
Tổng hợp bài tập ngữ pháp tiếng Anh

Nội dung chính

1. Bài tập ngữ pháp tiếng Anh về các thì

Bài tập 1: Hiện tại đơn (Present Simple)

Điền vào chỗ trống với động từ thích hợp ở thì hiện tại đơn:

  1. He ___ (go) to school every day.
  2. They ___ (play) football on Sundays.
  3. She ___ (not like) pizza.
  4. ___ you ___ (read) books often?
  5. The sun ___ (rise) in the east.
Đáp án:
  1. He goes to school every day.
  2. They play football on Sundays.
  3. She doesn’t like pizza.
  4. Do you read books often?
  5. The sun rises in the east.

Bài tập 2: Hiện tại tiếp diễn (Present Continuous)

Chuyển đổi các câu sau sang thì hiện tại tiếp diễn:

  1. He (watch) TV. → He is watching TV.
  2. They (play) football. → They are playing football.
  3. She (read) a book. → She is reading a book.
  4. I (not work) today. → I am not working today.
  5. ___ you (study) English? → Are you studying English?
Đáp án:
  1. He (watch) TV. → He is watching TV.
  2. They (play) football. → They are playing football.
  3. She (read) a book. → She is reading a book.
  4. I (not work) today. → I am not working today.
  5. Are you (study) English? → Are you studying English?

Bài tập 3: Quá khứ đơn (Past Simple)

Chia động từ trong ngoặc ở thì quá khứ đơn:

  1. Yesterday, I ___ (go) to the park.
  2. They ___ (visit) their grandparents last weekend.
  3. She ___ (not like) the movie.
  4. ___ you ___ (see) the new teacher?
  5. He ___ (eat) a big breakfast.
Đáp án:
  1. Yesterday, I went to the park.
  2. They visited their grandparents last weekend.
  3. She didn’t like the movie.
  4. Did you see the new teacher?
  5. He ate a big breakfast.

Bài tập 4: Tương lai đơn (Future Simple)

Điền vào chỗ trống với động từ thích hợp ở thì tương lai đơn:

  1. I ___ (help) you with your homework.
  2. They ___ (travel) to Japan next year.
  3. She ___ (not attend) the meeting.
  4. ___ you ___ (call) me later?
  5. He ___ (buy) a new car soon.
Đáp án:
  1. I will help you with your homework.
  2. They will travel to Japan next year.
  3. She won’t attend the meeting.
  4. Will you call me later?
  5. He will buy a new car soon.

Bài tập 5: Hiện tại hoàn thành (Present Perfect)

Chia động từ trong ngoặc ở thì hiện tại hoàn thành:

  1. She ___ (live) here for ten years.
  2. They ___ (not finish) their project yet.
  3. ___ you ever ___ (be) to London?
  4. He ___ (lose) his keys.
  5. I ___ (see) that movie before.
Đáp án:
  1. She has lived here for ten years.
  2. They haven’t finished their project yet.
  3. Have you ever been to London?
  4. He has lost his keys.
  5. I have seen that movie before.

Bài tập 6: Quá khứ tiếp diễn (Past Continuous)

Chia động từ trong ngoặc ở thì quá khứ tiếp diễn:

  1. I (watch) TV when she (call) me. 
  2. They (play) football at 4 PM yesterday.
  3. She (read) a book while he (cook) dinner.
  4. We (not work) at 10 AM yesterday.
  5. What (you/do) at 8 PM last night? 
Đáp án:
  • I was watching TV when she called me.
  • They were playing football at 4 PM yesterday.
  • She was reading a book while he was cooking dinner.
  • We weren’t working at 10 AM yesterday.
  • What were you doing at 8 PM last night?

Bài tập 7: Tương lai tiếp diễn (Future Continuous)

Chia động từ trong ngoặc ở thì tương lai tiếp diễn:

  1. I (study) at this time tomorrow.
  2. They (travel) to Paris next week. 
  3. She (work) late tonight.
  4. We (not attend) the meeting at 9 AM tomorrow. 
  5. What (you/do) this weekend?
Đáp án:
  • I will be studying at this time tomorrow.
  • They will be traveling to Paris next week.
  • She will be working late tonight.
  • We won’t be attending the meeting at 9 AM tomorrow.
  • What will you be doing this weekend?

Bài tập 8: Quá khứ hoàn thành (Past Perfect)

Chia động từ trong ngoặc ở thì quá khứ hoàn thành:

  1. By the time he arrived, the movie (start). 
  2. They (finish) their homework before they went out. 
  3. She (not eat) breakfast before she left the house. 
  4. When I arrived at the station, the train (already/leave). 
  5. Had you (meet) him before the party? 
Đáp án:
  1. By the time he arrived, the movie had started.
  2. They had finished their homework before they went out.
  3. She hadn’t eaten breakfast before she left the house.
  4. When I arrived at the station, the train had already left.
  5. Had you met him before the party?

Bài tập 9: Tương lai hoàn thành (Future Perfect)

Chia động từ trong ngoặc ở thì tương lai hoàn thành:

  1. By next week, I (finish) the project. 
  2. They (complete) the task by tomorrow. 
  3. She (not write) the report by the deadline.
  4. Will you (graduate) by the end of the year? 
  5. He (save) enough money to buy a car by December. 
Đáp án:
  1. By next week, I will have finished the project.
  2. They will have completed the task by tomorrow.
  3. She won’t have written the report by the deadline.
  4. Will you have graduated by the end of the year?
  5. He will have saved enough money to buy a car by December.

2. Bài tập động từ khuyết thiếu trong tiếng Anh

Bài tập 1: Điền động từ khuyết thiếu thích hợp (can, could, may, might, must, should, would) vào chỗ trống

  1. You ___ (can) play the piano very well.
  2. I ___ (could) swim when I was five years old.
  3. ___ (may) I use your phone, please?
  4. She ___ (must) finish her homework before going out.
  5. He ___ (should) see a doctor if he’s feeling ill.
  6. They ___ (might) come to the party tonight.
  7. If I were you, I ___ (would) apologize to her.
Đáp án:
  1. You can play the piano very well.
  2. I could swim when I was five years old.
  3. May I use your phone, please?
  4. She must finish her homework before going out.
  5. He should see a doctor if he’s feeling ill.
  6. They might come to the party tonight.
  7. If I were you, I would apologize to her.

Bài tập 2: Chuyển đổi các câu sau sang dạng phủ định sử dụng động từ khuyết thiếu

  1. She can speak three languages. → She ___ speak three languages.
  2. We must finish this project by tomorrow. → We ___ finish this project by tomorrow.
  3. He should eat more vegetables. → He ___ eat more vegetables.
  4. They could go to the beach this weekend. → They ___ go to the beach this weekend.
  5. I would like a cup of tea. → I ___ like a cup of tea.
Đáp án:
  1. She can’t speak three languages.
  2. We mustn’t finish this project by tomorrow.
  3. He shouldn’t eat more vegetables.
  4. They couldn’t go to the beach this weekend.
  5. I wouldn’t like a cup of tea.

Bài tập 3: Chọn động từ khuyết thiếu đúng để hoàn thành các câu sau

  1. You ___ (should/shouldn’t) smoke. It’s bad for your health.
  2. ___ (Can/Could) you help me with my homework, please?
  3. We ___ (must/might) be home by 10 PM.
  4. If I were rich, I ___ (would/will) travel around the world.
  5. ___ (May/Must) you be so loud? Please be quiet.
Đáp án:
  1. You shouldn’t smoke. It’s bad for your health.
  2. Could you help me with my homework, please?
  3. We must be home by 10 PM.
  4. If I were rich, I would travel around the world.
  5. Must you be so loud? Please be quiet.

3. Bài tập Câu điều kiện trong tiếng Anh

Bài tập 1: Câu điều kiện loại 1 (First Conditional)

Điền vào chỗ trống với dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc:

  1. If it ___ (rain), we ___ (stay) at home.
  2. She ___ (pass) the exam if she ___ (study) hard.
  3. If I ___ (have) time, I ___ (go) to the gym.
  4. They ___ (not be) late if they ___ (leave) now.
  5. If you ___ (call) me, I ___ (help) you.
Đáp án:
  1. If it rains, we will stay at home.
  2. She will pass the exam if she studies hard.
  3. If I have time, I will go to the gym.
  4. They won’t be late if they leave now.
  5. If you call me, I will help you.

Bài tập 2: Câu điều kiện loại 2 (Second Conditional)

Điền vào chỗ trống với dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc:

  1. If I ___ (be) you, I ___ (accept) the job offer.
  2. She ___ (travel) more if she ___ (have) more money.
  3. If they ___ (live) in London, they ___ (visit) us more often.
  4. He ___ (not be) so tired if he ___ (not work) so much.
  5. If we ___ (win) the lottery, we ___ (buy) a big house.
Đáp án:
  1. If I were you, I would accept the job offer.
  2. She would travel more if she had more money.
  3. If they lived in London, they would visit us more often.
  4. He wouldn’t be so tired if he didn’t work so much.
  5. If we won the lottery, we would buy a big house.

Bài tập 3: Câu điều kiện loại 3 (Third Conditional)

Điền vào chỗ trống với dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc:

  1. If she ___ (study) harder, she ___ (pass) the exam.
  2. They ___ (not miss) the flight if they ___ (leave) earlier.
  3. If I ___ (know) about the meeting, I ___ (attend) it.
  4. He ___ (not lose) the match if he ___ (train) more.
  5. If we ___ (go) to the party, we ___ (have) a good time.
Đáp án:
  • If she had studied harder, she would have passed the exam.
  • They wouldn’t have missed the flight if they had left earlier.
  • If I had known about the meeting, I would have attended it.
  • He wouldn’t have lost the match if he had trained more.
  • If we had gone to the party, we would have had a good time.

Bài tập 4: Hỗn hợp câu điều kiện (Mixed Conditionals)

Điền vào chỗ trống với dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc:

  1. If I ___ (be) taller, I ___ (play) basketball.
  2. She ___ (feel) better if she ___ (not eat) so much last night.
  3. If they ___ (know) him, they ___ (talk) to him now.
  4. He ___ (not make) that mistake if he ___ (listen) to his teacher.
  5. If you ___ (ask) me, I ___ (help) you.
Đáp án:
  1. If I were taller, I would play basketball.
  2. She would feel better if she hadn’t eaten so much last night.
  3. If they knew him, they would talk to him now.
  4. He wouldn’t have made that mistake if he had listened to his teacher.
  5. If you had asked me, I would help you.

Trang tự học tiếng Anh – Chia sẻ các bài học tiếng Anh Giao tiếp & tiếng Anh chuyên ngành miễn phí.

4. Bài tập câu bị động trong tiếng Anh

Bài tập 1: Chuyển các câu sau sang thể bị động

  1. They built a new hospital last year.
  2. The chef cooks the meals every day.
  3. She will write a report tomorrow.
  4. The students are doing the homework.
  5. Someone has stolen my bike.
Đáp án:
  1. A new hospital was built last year.
  2. The meals are cooked every day by the chef.
  3. A report will be written tomorrow by her.
  4. The homework is being done by the students.
  5. My bike has been stolen.

Bài tập 2: Chuyển các câu hỏi sau sang thể bị động

  1. Did they deliver the package yesterday?
  2. Is she watering the plants?
  3. Will they hold the meeting next week?
  4. Have you finished the project?
  5. Are they repairing the car?
Đáp án:
  1. Was the package delivered yesterday?
  2. Are the plants being watered by her?
  3. Will the meeting be held next week?
  4. Has the project been finished by you?
  5. Is the car being repaired by them?

Bài tập 3: Chia động từ trong ngoặc ở thể bị động

  1. The book (write) by J.K. Rowling.
  2. The windows (clean) every week.
  3. The report (finish) tomorrow.
  4. The cake (make) by my mother.
  5. The houses (build) in 1990.
Đáp án:
  1. The book was written by J.K. Rowling.
  2. The windows are cleaned every week.
  3. The report will be finished tomorrow.
  4. The cake was made by my mother.
  5. The houses were built in 1990.

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5. Bài tập Câu tường thuật trong tiếng Anh

Bài tập 1: Chuyển các câu trực tiếp sau sang câu gián tiếp

  1. He said, “I am studying English.”
  2. She asked, “Do you like chocolate?”
  3. They said, “We will visit you tomorrow.”
  4. John said, “I have finished my homework.”
  5. Mary asked, “Where are you going?”
Đáp án:
  1. He said that he was studying English.
  2. She asked if I liked chocolate.
  3. They said that they would visit me the next day.
  4. John said that he had finished his homework.
  5. Mary asked where I was going.

Bài tập 2: Chuyển các câu tường thuật sau sang câu trực tiếp

  1. He said that he was tired.
  2. She asked if I could help her.
  3. They said that they had gone to the cinema.
  4. John asked what time it was.
  5. Mary said that she would call me later.
Đáp án:
  1. He said: “I am tired.”
  2. She asked: “Can you help me?”
  3. They said: “We went to the cinema.”
  4. John asked: “What time is it?”
  5. Mary said: “I will call you later.”

Bài tập 3: Chia động từ trong ngoặc đúng để hoàn thành các câu tường thuật

  1. She said that she (be) ___ very happy.
  2. He asked me if I (know) ___ the answer.
  3. They told us that they (visit) ___ Paris.
  4. I asked him where he (live) ___.
  5. She said that she (not like) ___ pizza.
Đáp án:
  1. She said that she was very happy.
  2. He asked me if I knew the answer.
  3. They told us that they had visited Paris.
  4. I asked him where he lived.
  5. She said that she didn’t like pizza.

6. Bài tập câu hỏi và trợ động từ trong tiếng Anh

Bài tập 1: Điền trợ động từ thích hợp vào chỗ trống

  1. ___ you like ice cream? (do/does)
  2. She ___ not know the answer. (do/does)
  3. They ___ go to school by bus. (do/does)
  4. ___ he play the guitar? (do/does)
  5. I ___ understand the question. (do/does)
Đáp án:
  1. Do you like ice cream?
  2. She does not know the answer.
  3. They do go to school by bus.
  4. Does he play the guitar?
  5. I do understand the question.

Bài tập 2: Đặt câu hỏi cho các câu sau

  1. She likes pizza. → ___ she like pizza?
  2. They are playing football. → ___ they playing football?
  3. He has finished his homework. → ___ he finished his homework?
  4. You will come to the party. → ___ you come to the party?
  5. She can speak three languages. → ___ she speak three languages?
Đáp án:
  • Does she like pizza?
  • Are they playing football?
  • Has he finished his homework?
  • Will you come to the party?
  • Can she speak three languages?

Bài tập 3: Chuyển các câu sau sang dạng phủ định

  1. I like coffee. → I ___ like coffee.
  2. They are studying English. → They ___ studying English.
  3. He has a car. → He ___ have a car.
  4. She will call you. → She ___ call you.
  5. We can swim. → We ___ swim.
Đáp án:
  1. I do not (don’t) like coffee.
  2. They are not (aren’t) studying English.
  3. He does not (doesn’t) have a car.
  4. She will not (won’t) call you.
  5. We cannot (can’t) swim.

7. Bài tập V-ing và To V trong tiếng Anh

Bài tập 1: Điền dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc (V-ing hoặc To V)

  1. I enjoy ___ (read) books.
  2. She wants ___ (travel) to Paris.
  3. They decided ___ (move) to a new city.
  4. He dislikes ___ (eat) vegetables.
  5. We plan ___ (visit) our grandparents next weekend.
Đáp án:
  1. I enjoy reading books.
  2. She wants to travel to Paris.
  3. They decided to move to a new city.
  4. He dislikes eating vegetables.
  5. We plan to visit our grandparents next weekend.

Bài tập 2: Chọn dạng đúng của động từ để hoàn thành câu

  1. He can’t stand ___ (wait) for long hours.
    • A. waiting
    • B. to wait
  2. She promised ___ (help) me with my homework.
    • A. helping
    • B. to help
  3. I suggested ___ (go) to the beach.
    • A. going
    • B. to go
  4. They agreed ___ (meet) at the park.
    • A. meeting
    • B. to meet
  5. We hope ___ (find) a solution soon.
    • A. finding
    • B. to find
Đáp án:
  1. He can’t stand waiting (A) for long hours.
  2. She promised to help (B) me with my homework.
  3. I suggested going (A) to the beach.
  4. They agreed to meet (B) at the park.
  5. We hope to find (B) a solution soon.

Bài tập 3: Chuyển các câu sau sang dạng sử dụng V-ing hoặc To V

  1. I started (learn) Spanish.
  2. She continued (work) despite the difficulties.
  3. They forgot (lock) the door.
  4. He remembered (buy) milk on the way home.
  5. We tried (finish) the project on time.
Đáp án:
  1. I started learning Spanish.
  2. She continued working despite the difficulties.
  3. They forgot to lock the door.
  4. He remembered to buy milk on the way home.
  5. We tried to finish the project on time.

8. Bài tập ngữ pháp tiếng Anh về Mạo từ

Bài tập 1: Điền vào chỗ trống với mạo từ thích hợp (a, an, the, hoặc không có mạo từ)

  1. I saw ___ cat in the garden.
  2. She is ___ doctor.
  3. ___ sun rises in the east.
  4. I need ___ information about the project.
  5. He bought ___ apple and ___ banana.
Đáp án:
  1. I saw a cat in the garden.
  2. She is a doctor.
  3. The sun rises in the east.
  4. I need the information about the project.
  5. He bought an apple and a banana.

Bài tập 2: Chọn mạo từ đúng để hoàn thành câu

  1. She is ___ artist.
    • A. a
    • B. an
    • C. the
    • D. (không có mạo từ)
  2. ___ book on the table is mine.
    • A. a
    • B. an
    • C. the
    • D. (không có mạo từ)
  3. He wants to be ___ engineer.
    • A. a
    • B. an
    • C. the
    • D. (không có mạo từ)
  4. I have ___ homework to do.
    • A. a
    • B. an
    • C. the
    • D. (không có mạo từ)
  5. ___ Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
    • A. a
    • B. an
    • C. the
    • D. (không có mạo từ)
Đáp án:
  1. She is an artist. (B)
  2. The book on the table is mine. (C)
  3. He wants to be an engineer. (B)
  4. I have (không có mạo từ) homework to do. (D)
  5. The Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. (C)

Bài tập 3: Điền mạo từ thích hợp vào chỗ trống hoặc ghi “không có mạo từ” nếu không cần thiết

  1. She has ___ cat and ___ dog.
  2. ___ Eiffel Tower is in Paris.
  3. He drank ___ water.
  4. They visited ___ museum yesterday.
  5. ___ moon is bright tonight.
Đáp án:
  1. She has a cat and a dog.
  2. The Eiffel Tower is in Paris.
  3. He drank water.
  4. They visited a museum yesterday.
  5. The moon is bright tonight.

9. Bài tập Danh từ trong tiếng Anh

Bài tập 1: Xác định danh từ đếm được và không đếm được

Xác định danh từ trong câu sau là đếm được (Countable) hay không đếm được (Uuncountable):

  1. There is some water in the glass. (___)
  2. She has three cats. (___)
  3. I need some information about the project. (___)
  4. He bought a loaf of bread. (___)
  5. They have many books in their library. (___)
Đáp án:
  1. There is some water in the glass. (Uncountable/Không đếm được)
  2. She has three cats. (Countable/đếm được)
  3. I need some information about the project. (Uncountable/Không đếm được)
  4. He bought a loaf of bread. (Uncountable/Không đếm được)
  5. They have many books in their library. (Countable/đếm được)

Bài tập 2: Chuyển danh từ số ít sang số nhiều

Chuyển các danh từ sau từ số ít sang số nhiều:

  1. apple → ___
  2. bus → ___
  3. child → ___
  4. foot → ___
  5. knife → ___
Đáp án:
  1. apple → apples
  2. bus → buses
  3. child → children
  4. foot → feet
  5. knife → knives

Bài tập 3: Chọn danh từ đúng để hoàn thành câu

Chọn danh từ đúng (ở dạng số ít hoặc số nhiều) để hoàn thành câu:

  1. There are many ___ (child/children) in the park.
    • A. child
    • B. children
  2. She needs some ___ (advice/advices).
    • A. advice
    • B. advices
  3. I saw a group of ___ (person/people) at the mall.
    • A. person
    • B. people
  4. He put the ___ (book/books) on the shelf.
    • A. book
    • B. books
  5. We need more ___ (information/informations) about the event.
    • A. information
    • B. informations
Đáp án:
  • There are many children (B) in the park.
  • She needs some advice (A).
  • I saw a group of people (B) at the mall.
  • He put the books (B) on the shelf.
  • We need more information (A) about the event.

Bài tập 4: Điền danh từ thích hợp vào chỗ trống

Điền danh từ thích hợp vào chỗ trống để hoàn thành câu:

  1. She has two ___ (dog).
  2. He gave me some good ___ (advice).
  3. I need a ___ (pen) to write this down.
  4. They have three ___ (child).
  5. We bought a new ___ (car) last week.
Đáp án:
  • She has two dogs.
  • He gave me some good advice.
  • I need a pen to write this down.
  • They have three children.
  • We bought a new car last week.

10. Bài tập Đại từ trong tiếng Anh

Bài tập 1: Điền đại từ nhân xưng thích hợp vào chỗ trống

  1. ___ am a student. (I/You)
  2. ___ is my best friend. (He/She)
  3. ___ are going to the market. (They/We)
  4. Can ___ help me? (you/I)
  5. ___ is raining outside. (It/They)
Đáp án:
  1. I am a student.
  2. She is my best friend.
  3. We are going to the market.
  4. Can you help me?
  5. It is raining outside.

Bài tập 2: Chọn đại từ sở hữu đúng để hoàn thành câu

  1. This book is ___ (my/mine).
  2. Is this pen ___ (your/yours)?
  3. That house is ___ (their/theirs).
  4. She said the bag was ___ (her/hers).
  5. We need to find ___ (our/ours) seats.
Đáp án:
  1. This book is mine.
  2. Is this pen yours?
  3. That house is theirs .
  4. She said the bag was hers.
  5. We need to find our seats.

Bài tập 3: Điền đại từ phản thân thích hợp vào chỗ trống

  1. She made the cake by ___ (herself/herselves).
  2. They enjoyed ___ at the party. (themselves/theirs)
  3. I can do it by ___ (myself/mine).
  4. He looked at ___ in the mirror. (himself/his)
  5. We prepared the meal by ___ (ourselves/our).
Đáp án:
  • She made the cake by herself.
  • They enjoyed themselves at the party.
  • I can do it by myself .
  • He looked at himself in the mirror.
  • We prepared the meal by ourselves.

Bài tập 4: Chọn đại từ chỉ định đúng để hoàn thành câu

  1. ___ is my car. (This/These)
  2. ___ are my friends. (This/These)
  3. Can you see ___? (that/those)
  4. ___ is a beautiful painting. (That/Those)
  5. ___ books are on the table. (That/Those)
Đáp án:
  1. This is my car.
  2. These are my friends.
  3. Can you see that?
  4. That is a beautiful painting.
  5. Those books are on the table.

11. Bài tập Mệnh đề quan hệ trong tiếng Anh

Bài tập 1: Điền đại từ quan hệ thích hợp (who, whom, whose, which, that) vào chỗ trống

  1. The book ___ I bought yesterday is very interesting.
  2. The man ___ is talking to Mary is my uncle.
  3. The girl ___ you met at the party is my cousin.
  4. This is the student ___ won the first prize.
  5. The house ___ windows are broken is very old.
Đáp án:
  1. The book that I bought yesterday is very interesting.
  2. The man who is talking to Mary is my uncle.
  3. The girl whom you met at the party is my cousin.
  4. This is the student who won the first prize.
  5. The house whose windows are broken is very old.

Bài tập 2: Kết hợp hai câu sau sử dụng mệnh đề quan hệ

  1. The woman is my teacher. She is wearing a red dress.
  2. The car was expensive. He bought it last week.
  3. The boy is my brother. You saw him yesterday.
  4. I like the cake. My mother made it.
  5. The man is very friendly. His daughter is my best friend.
Đáp án:
  1. The woman who is wearing a red dress is my teacher.
  2. The car that he bought last week was expensive.
  3. The boy whom you saw yesterday is my brother.
  4. I like the cake that my mother made.
  5. The man whose daughter is my best friend is very friendly.

Bài tập 3: Chọn đáp án đúng để hoàn thành câu

  1. This is the place ___ I was born.
    • A. which
    • B. where
    • C. when
    • D. who
  2. The person ___ you are looking for is not here.
    • A. whom
    • B. whose
    • C. who
    • D. which
  3. The reason ___ he didn’t come is unknown.
    • A. why
    • B. that
    • C. when
    • D. where
  4. She is the one ___ car was stolen.
    • A. who
    • B. whom
    • C. whose
    • D. which
  5. The movie ___ we watched last night was amazing.
    • A. whom
    • B. whose
    • C. who
    • D. which
Đáp án:
  1. This is the place where I was born. (B)
  2. The person whom you are looking for is not here. (A)
  3. The reason why he didn’t come is unknown. (A)
  4. She is the one whose car was stolen. (C)
  5. The movie which we watched last night was amazing. (D)

Bài tập 4: Hoàn thành câu với mệnh đề quan hệ

  1. The teacher ___ taught us last year is very kind.
  2. The cake ___ she made is delicious.
  3. I have a friend ___ can speak five languages.
  4. The bicycle ___ I borrowed from my friend was fast.
  5. The building ___ roof is damaged needs repair.
Đáp án:
  • The teacher who taught us last year is very kind.
  • The cake which she made is delicious.
  • I have a friend who can speak five languages.
  • The bicycle that I borrowed from my friend was fast.
  • The building whose roof is damaged needs repair.

12. Bài tập tính từ và trạng từ trong tiếng Anh

Bài tập 1: Điền tính từ hoặc trạng từ thích hợp vào chỗ trống

  1. She sings ___ (beautiful/beautifully).
  2. He is a ___ (good/well) student.
  3. They worked ___ (hard/hardly) to complete the project.
  4. The weather is ___ (bad/badly) today.
  5. She drives ___ (careful/carefully).
Đáp án:
  1. She sings beautifully.
  2. He is a good student.
  3. They worked hard to complete the project.
  4. The weather is bad today.
  5. She drives carefully.

Bài tập 2: Chọn từ đúng để hoàn thành câu

  1. He speaks English ___ (fluent/fluently).
    • A. fluent
    • B. fluently
  2. She looks very ___ (happy/happily).
    • A. happy
    • B. happily
  3. The team played ___ (good/well) in the match.
    • A. good
    • B. well
  4. This soup tastes ___ (delicious/deliciously).
    • A. delicious
    • B. deliciously
  5. She answered the question ___ (quick/quickly).
    • A. quick
    • B. quickly
Đáp án:
  1. He speaks English fluently (B).
  2. She looks very happy (A).
  3. The team played well (B) in the match.
  4. This soup tastes delicious (A).
  5. She answered the question quickly (B).

Bài tập 3: Chuyển đổi tính từ thành trạng từ hoặc trạng từ thành tính từ

  1. Slow → ___
  2. Easy → ___
  3. Careful → ___
  4. Quick → ___
  5. Quiet → ___
Đáp án:
  • Slow → Slowly
  • Easy → Easily
  • Careful → Carefully
  • Quick → Quickly
  • Quiet → Quietly

Bài tập 4: Sửa lỗi sai trong câu (nếu có)

  1. She runs very quick.
  2. The flowers smell sweetly.
  3. He worked very hardly yesterday.
  4. The dog barks loud at night.
  5. She is a beautifully dancer.
Đáp án:
  1. She runs very quickly. (verb + adverb + adverb)
  2. The flowers smell sweet. (verb + adverb)
  3. He worked very hard yesterday. (verb + adverb + adverb)
  4. The dog barks loudly at night. (verb + adverb)
  5. She is a beautiful dancer. (adjective + noun)

13. Bài tập Liên từ và Giới từ trong tiếng Anh

Bài tập 1: Điền liên từ thích hợp (and, but, or, because, so) vào chỗ trống

  1. I wanted to go to the park, ___ it was raining.
  2. She is very tired, ___ she will go to bed early.
  3. Do you want tea ___ coffee?
  4. He stayed at home ___ he was sick.
  5. We can go to the beach ___ have a picnic.
Đáp án:
  1. I wanted to go to the park, but it was raining.
  2. She is very tired, so she will go to bed early.
  3. Do you want tea or coffee?
  4. He stayed at home because he was sick.
  5. We can go to the beach and have a picnic.

Bài tập 2: Điền giới từ thích hợp (in, on, at, for, with) vào chỗ trống

  1. She will arrive ___ 3 PM.
  2. He lives ___ New York.
  3. The book is ___ the table.
  4. I am looking ___ my keys.
  5. She is good ___ math.
Đáp án:
  1. She will arrive at 3 PM.
  2. He lives in New York.
  3. The book is on the table.
  4. I am looking for my keys.
  5. She is good at math.

Bài tập 3: Chọn liên từ hoặc giới từ đúng để hoàn thành câu

  1. He was late ___ (because/because of) the traffic.
    • A. because
    • B. because of
  2. We can go out ___ (and/or) stay at home.
    • A. and
    • B. or
  3. She is interested ___ (on/in) learning languages.
    • A. on
    • B. in
  4. They are playing ___ (in/at) the park.
    • A. in
    • B. at
  5. I will call you ___ (when/during) I get home.
    • A. when
    • B. during
Đáp án:
  1. He was late because of (B) the traffic.
  2. We can go out or (B) stay at home.
  3. She is interested in (B) learning languages.
  4. They are playing in (A) the park.
  5. I will call you when (A) I get home.

Bài tập 4: Sửa lỗi sai trong câu (nếu có)

  1. She was tired so she went to bed.
  2. He arrived on time but he missed the bus.
  3. We are going to the movies with our friends.
  4. She is afraid from spiders.
  5. They are waiting for the bus at the station.
Đáp án:
  • She was tired so she went to bed. (Đúng)
  • He arrived on time but he missed the bus. (Đúng)
  • We are going to the movies with our friends. (Đúng)
  • She is afraid of spiders. (Sửa: from → of)
  • They are waiting for the bus at the station. (Đúng)

14. Bài tập Giới từ trong tiếng Anh

Bài tập 1: Điền giới từ thích hợp (in, on, at, by, with, for, of, to) vào chỗ trống

  1. She lives ___ New York City.
  2. The book is ___ the table.
  3. He arrived ___ the airport.
  4. They went ___ the park yesterday.
  5. She is afraid ___ spiders.
  6. We will meet ___ 6 PM.
  7. He is good ___ playing the guitar.
  8. I bought this gift ___ you.
Đáp án:
  1. She lives in New York City.
  2. The book is on the table.
  3. He arrived at the airport.
  4. They went to the park yesterday.
  5. She is afraid of spiders.
  6. We will meet at 6 PM.
  7. He is good at playing the guitar.
  8. I bought this gift for you.

Bài tập 2: Chọn giới từ đúng để hoàn thành câu

  1. She was born ___ January.
    • A. in
    • B. on
    • C. at
  2. He is interested ___ learning languages.
    • A. on
    • B. in
    • C. at
  3. They are sitting ___ the table.
    • A. on
    • B. at
    • C. in
  4. She is responsible ___ the project.
    • A. of
    • B. with
    • C. for
  5. We will leave ___ the morning.
    • A. in
    • B. on
    • C. at
Đáp án:
  1. She was born in January. (A)
  2. He is interested in learning languages. (B)
  3. They are sitting at the table. (B)
  4. She is responsible for the project. (C)
  5. We will leave in the morning. (A)

Bài tập 3: Điền giới từ đúng vào chỗ trống trong đoạn văn

I woke up ___ (1) 7 AM and got dressed quickly. I had breakfast ___ (2) my family and then left ___ (3) school. I usually go to school ___ (4) bus, but today I went ___ (5) foot because the weather was nice. ___ (6) school, we learned about the history ___ (7) our country. After school, I went ___ (8) the library to study. I came home ___ (9) the evening and had dinner ___ (10) my parents.

Đáp án:

I woke up (1) at 7 AM and got dressed quickly. I had breakfast with (2) my family and then left for (3) school. I usually go to school by (4) bus, but today I went on (5) foot because the weather was nice. At (6) school, we learned about the history of (7) our country. After school, I went to (8) the library to study. I came home in (9) the evening and had dinner with (10) my parents.

Bài tập 4: Sửa lỗi sai trong câu (nếu có)

  1. She is good in math.
  2. They arrived at Monday morning.
  3. He went to bed in midnight.
  4. We will meet on 6 PM.
  5. She is afraid from heights.
Đáp án:
  1. She is good at math. (Sửa: in → at)
  2. They arrived on Monday morning. (Sửa: at → on)
  3. He went to bed at midnight. (Sửa: in → at)
  4. We will meet at 6 PM. (Sửa: on → at)
  5. She is afraid of heights. (Sửa: from → of)

Trong bài viết này, chúng ta đã khám phá một loạt các bài tập ngữ pháp tiếng Anh, từ các thì động từ, câu điều kiện, câu bị động, đến việc sử dụng tính từ và trạng từ, mệnh đề quan hệ, liên từ, giới từ, và đại từ. Mỗi phần đều được TalkFirst kèm đáp án chi tiết để giúp bạn củng cố kiến thức và nâng cao kỹ năng sử dụng tiếng Anh một cách chính xác và hiệu quả.

TalkFirst hy vọng rằng những bài tập này sẽ là tài liệu hữu ích cho bạn trong việc học tập ngữ pháp tiếng Anh. Nếu bạn cần thêm tài liệu hoặc có bất kỳ câu hỏi nào, đừng ngần ngại liên hệ để được hỗ trợ thêm.


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